Colossi of Ramses II
Four colossal figures carved from solid rock seated on thrones protect the gigantic 33-meter-high facade of the temple. These Colossi depict the well-revered Ramses II; the two on the right of the entrance feature Ramses II as Meri-Amun and Meri-Atum; and the pharaoh as Heka-Tawi and Re-en-Hekaw are placed on the left. You can see the mild appearance of the pharaoh in the first of the Colossi.
Maybe an earthquake or a rock fall in the past has destroyed the second figure’s shoulders and heads. The sculptures are depicted in the formal spade-like beard wearing the double crown of Egypt ornate with royal cartouches between his legs, breast, and upper arms. You’ll also find the empire family members carved at a smaller scale between the legs and to each figure’s left and right.
Hypostyle Hall: The Inner Temple
The main entrance welcomes travelers into the massive Hypostyle Hall in 17.7 m long. Two rows of four square pillars separate the long hall into three aisles. Inside, you’ll find the Osiris figures of the pharaoh in ten m high holding the crook and scourge. Statues on the left side are depicted in Upper Egypt’s crown, while on the right, the figures carry the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. No doubt, you’ll be surprised by the striking stylized symmetry of these gigantic figures. Eight small side decorated chambers are placed along the right and left of the Hypostyle Hall used as storerooms and treasuries. Remember that Abu Simbel is renowned for its extraordinary Hypostyle Hall mural reliefs representing the Battle of Kadesh.
The Vestibule is located beyond the Hypostyle Hall, where you’ll find three aisles divided by four square pillars. Ramses II is depicted on the pillars’ sides. Don’t miss the baroque of Amun-Re at the south wall.
Three entrance ways, from the Vestibule, lead into the narrow and prolonged course of Transverse Chamber designed on the walls with Ramses II making offerings to Thoth, Ptah, and Atum on the right, and Horus, Min, and Khnum on the left.
The Sanctuary: House of the Gods
At the end of the temple, from the Transverse Chamber, you’ll approach three small rooms. A rectangular Sanctuary is located in the center accessed only by the king.
Traveling with a small group of passengers, divides mutual costs such as tour guide cost, transportation, entry fees, etc. between few passengers and makes your tour more affordable. The members of small group tour could be your own family or friends, or other savvy travelers that you will meet and share a journey.
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