Established in 2008, Shanghai World Financial Center (SWFC) is a supertall skyscraper designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox as a first-class financial center in China.
Located in the Pudong district of the city, The Shanghai World Financial Center (SWFC) is among the ten tallest buildings in the world established in 2008. This Center is a multi-functional skyscraper including offices, hotels, observation decks, conference rooms, and shopping malls on its ground-floor.
This massive structure has a mirror surface that would look beautiful throughout the day. Kohn Pedersen Fox designed It, and the Mori Building Company did the developments. Shanghai Construction Group General Co. and China State Construction Engineering Corp were the main contractors of the project.
After the opening in 2008, the Shanghai World Financial Center was the 9th tallest building on the planet and the 4th tallest in China. The tower has different observation decks accessible to the public.
After the construction of the Shanghai Tower, which is the tallest one in China, the SWFC became the second tallest tower in Shanghai. The Shanghai Tower, The Shanghai World Financial Center, and the Jin Mao Tower form a group of three adjacent supertall skyscrapers.
The design of the Shanghai World Financial Center has been praised by many, and in 2008 it was called the year’s best-completed skyscraper by architects. The tower also received the Best Tall Building Overall alongside Asia & Australasia awards given from the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Carol Willis, the head of New York’s Skyscraper Museum, has praised this structure. There are also other praises from world-renowned architects about the innovative structural design and how genius it was.
History of the Shanghai World Financial Center
In 1997, the foundation stone of the tower was laid on. During the late 1990s, there was some funding shortage due to the Asian financial crisis, which resulted in the interruption of the project. The building was supposed to be 460 meters (1,509 feet) at first, but the Mori Group increased the height and changed it to 492 m (1,614 ft) and making it a 101 stories tower.
Construction of the new building was resumed on the foundations for the original design in 2003. It was in 2007 when the tower reached its full altitude of 492 meters (1,614 feet) after the final steel girder installment.
The tower officially opened in August 2008 and observation decks were opened to the public.
Several multinational companies have provided the finances to build the tower. Among them, there are Chinese, Japanese, and Hong Kong banks alongside American and European investors.
Shanghai World Financial Center Architecture
The trapezoid aperture at the peak is the most unique design feature of the Shanghai World Financial Center. The original design of the tower had a circular hole, but this design faced controversial issues from Chinese people, including the mayor of Shanghai. He claimed that it was very similar to the design of the sun in the Japanese flag. It was later when the alternative model and a trapezoidal hole replaced the circle. This change in design also made the design easier to implement.
The Foreigners and Chinese informally claim that the design of the tower resembles a bottle opener and hence the tower is sometimes referred to as “the bottle opener.” Subsequently, you can find actual bottle openers as metal replicas of the tower in its gift shop.
The trapezoid hole in the top of the tower is made up of reinforced concrete and structural steel. There are diagonal-braced frames to enhance the carriage of all forces that the building faces such as wind loads, heavy equipment, and the people in the building.
The height of the roof is 492 meters (1,614 ft), which was once the highest roof on earth. There were some plans to make the tower taller and around 509 meters (1,670 feet), but this was canceled out by the architects. The Shanghai World Financial Center has a total area of over 377,300 square meters (4,061,200 square feet), 31 elevators, and 33 escalators.
The Shanghai World Financial Center has three observation decks on different heights:
The 94th floor (423 meters – 1,388 feet)
You will see a great view of Shanghai and the Huangpu River. This floor is also great for exhibitions and you can enjoy the cafe bar and souvenir store.
The 97th floor (439 meters – 1,440 feet)
This floor provides a great view of photography. Also, there is an open skylighted ceiling, which is opened in good weather situation.
The 100th floor (474 meters – 1,555 feet)
It contains a 55-meter-long corridor and it provides a transparent glass floor. You can feel walking on the air in this view and take a look at the top of the Oriental Pearl Tower just in front of yourself.
The Hotel Component
The hotel component is known as Park Hyatt Shanghai which has 174 suites and rooms between 79th to 93rd floors of the tower. It also had the title “the highest hotel in the world” after the completion of construction but today is the third-highest hotel in the world.
Important offices in the Shanghai World Financial Center
SWFC is home for many international financial and trade companies listed below
- Ernst & Young
- BNP Paribas
- Morgan Stanley
- Bank of Yokohama
- Korea Development Bank
- Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation
- Google Shanghai branch (on the 60th and 61st floors of the tower)
How to Get to the SWFC?
You can easily access to the tower by Shanghai Metro, Go on Line 2 and leave at Lujiazui Station. From there, it is just a 10-minute walk from the station to the tower.
- Use Lujiazui Financial City Loop Line or Lujiazui Financial City Line 2 and leave at Dongtailu Shijidadao Station.
- Use bus 583, 799, or 939 and leave at Huayuan Shiqiaolu Dongtailu Station.
- Use bus 01, 798, 992, Lujiazui Financial City Line 3, or Lujiazui Financial City Line 4 and leave at Shiji Dadao Pudong Nanlu Station.
- Use bus 791, 870, 961, or 985 and leave at Lujiazui Huanlu Dongtailu Station.
By Shuttle Bus
There is a shuttle line bus between SWFC and the HSB Building which is available from 9:00 to 18:00 every 60 minutes.
You can take the ferry from the Bund to Dongchang Road Pie. You will need 10 minutes of walking to the building.
Line 3 of the tunnel will take you to the Shiji Dadao Pudong Nanlu Station.
- 94th Floor Only: 120 Yuan
- Combo Ticket for 94th floor, 97th floor, and 100th floor: 180 Yuan
Children ( between 1 and 1.4m -3.3 and 4.6ft) and the disabled
- 94th Floor Only: 60 Yuan
- Combo Ticket for 94th floor, 97th floor, and 100th floor: 90 Yuan
Children below 1m (3.3ft)
- 94th Floor Only: free
- Combo Ticket for 94th floor, 97th floor, and 100th floor: free
The building is open from 09:00-22:30 every day and the last entry would be at 21:30
If you are going to visit the Shanghai World Financial Center, you should buy tickets in Basement 1 on the west side of the building opposite to the Jin Mao Tower. The special elevator for sightseeing is located here. It takes more than a minute to reach the 94th floor from the basement!
Also, if you are the guest of the Park Hyatt Hotel, you will have to use another elevator in the south part of the building. Have you ever visited this building? Make sure to share your ideas and comments for us. Besides, if you have any special questions about visiting the building, rest assured that our professional guides will reply as soon as possible.